Does a deck have to be attached to the house?

Does a deck have to be attached to the house?

Without any solid attachment a house, your deck will sway and wobble. It needs bracing, especially if it is high off the ground.2014-02-13

Should a deck be attached to the house or freestanding?

A freestanding deck is better than an attached deck in that water remains away from the house. With no ledger attached to the house, water will not become trapped against the house, possibly rotting the side of the house and deck. A freestanding deck gapped away from the house; water will freely flow off the deck.

How do I keep my deck from swaying?

All decks using horizontal decking should have a diagonal sway brace to prevent racking. You may install a metal “T” brace, which is a long metal strip diagonally across the top of the joists, or install a diagonal deck board across the bottom of the deck frame.

Can you build a deck and not attach it to the house?

A freestanding deck allows you to have a deck beside the house without attaching the deck to the house. Providing you with an outdoor living space to enjoy the summer beside your house without compromising the house’s building envelop or the additional load of the deck.

Should a deck be anchored to the house?

The deck needs to be connected to, and built off of, a ledger board, which is attached to the wall. That ledger board, which runs the entire length of the deck, needs to be securely bolted to the house, and I mean bolted.2011-05-20

How do you build a ground level deck without digging?

If you’re ready to start planning, there are two great options to build a deck without digging any holes: surface deck blocks and deck foot anchors. The cheapest foundations are deck blocks, which can be purchased for less than $12.00 a piece. Deck blocks sit on the ground, so proper planning is essential.2021-03-23

How much weight can a raised deck support?

In general, most decks can withstand 100 lbs per square foot.

What does sway bracing do?

Applications. Sway braces are used for controlling vibration, absorbing shock, leading/guiding/restraining the movement of pipe resulting from thermal expansion and bracing a pipe line against sway. Sway struts are used to restrain movement of piping while allowing for movement in the other two directions.

How do I stop my deck from wobbling?

To stiffen the deck, go underneath and install a row of 2×8 blocks down the center, perpendicular to the joists. Stagger them with enough room to nail or screw them in place through the end grain, then fasten the treated 2x4s to the underside of the joists so they run from corner to corner, forming an X.

How do you reinforce a raised deck?

Reinforcing the deck requires solidifying existing columns or adding columns while installing additional support beams along the underside of the deck. The project is two stages but can be accomplished in one to two days with the proper tools and supplies.2017-07-18

Can you build a freestanding deck?

A freestanding deck can allow you a lot of freedom in terms of design. Because it is a self-supporting structure, you can build it anywhere on your property. You can build it next to your house so it can function much like an attached deck without the attachment.2021-01-20

Can I build a deck directly on the ground?

Yes, you can build a deck directly on the ground, but with some conditions. A deck on the ground must be built with ground-contact wood, and the substructure needs to be adapted for minimal height. Even though technically a ground level deck is elevated up to 24”, here we will discuss decks built less than 8” high.

Do you need footings for a deck on the ground?

According to the main code provision for footings, the only requirement for building a deck that is freestanding is that it must have a minimum footing depth of 12 inches below the undisturbed ground surface. There is no need to extend a footing below the frost line, as is required for standard decks.

What does sway brace mean?

Definition of sway brace : a brace to prevent swaying.

How do you brace a deck?

To brace the underside of your deck, all you need to do is fasten a pressure-treated 2×4 diagonally from corner to corner on an angle. You’ll need to drive in two 16d nails at every point in which the 2×4 meets the deck’s joists. If the underside of your deck is too large to use a single 2×4, use two 2x4s.

Deck Sway Bracing Techniques |

All decks using horizontal decking should have a diagonal sway brace to prevent racking. You may install a metal “T” brace, which is a long metal strip diagonally across the top of the joists, or install a diagonal deck board across the bottom of the deck frame. Decks using diagonal decking do not require sway bracing.

Deck Solutions Sway Brace SB-16 –

Repair an old deck or build a new one to a higher standard. shore up your deck and eliminate sway– the number one cause of stress failure to your fasteners and brackets, warping of woods, and deterioration of composites. The SB-16 installs in minutes but extends the life of your deck exponentially. Product information Technical Details

How to Brace a Deck from Swaying – Plasticine House

To brace the underside of your deck, all you need to do is fasten a pressure-treated 2×4 diagonally from corner to corner on an angle. You’ll need to drive in two 16d nails at every point in which the 2×4 meets the deck’s joists. If the underside of your deck is too large to use a single 2×4, use two 2x4s.

How to Brace a Deck from Swaying – Complete Guide for

Tips to Brace Your Deck from Swaying The first thing to do for deck bracing is to make sure that an engineer inspects the timber joists and posts supporting the deck. If any of them are compromised or weakened by rot, they should be replaced before carrying on. Make sure that the posts supporting your deck are made of pressure-treated wood.

How to Brace a Deck from Swaying

This deck should also be braced diagonally across the platform as explained above. To brace the beam-frame joint you will need the same 2 x 2-inch wooden bars. These will be short and depending on the height of the deck, the length of these bars will vary. On average one foot or one and a half should suffice.

Deck Construction: Best Practices- Building Advisor

Diagonal sway brac­ing is an easy way to help stiffen tall posts and provide resistance against racking. The simplest approach is to run short 2×4 or 4×4 sway braces from posts to beams. FREESTANDING DECKS There are a number of situations where it is difficult or impossible to achieve a solid deck ledger connection.

Shakey, swayey deck – Fine Homebuilding

Fur down one member 1-1/2 in. so that the bracing laps at the intersection. If you stiffen the deck this way, all of the force that used to cause the deck to move will then be transferred to the house. The house framing should be checked to ensure that it can take this additional load.

swaying of a 10' deck – Structural engineering general

Two ways for open decks: 1. Add 2X flat diagonal bracing under the deck joists, nailed to the underside of the joists, or 2. Add 2X diagonal flush blocking with metal strapping over, nailed to blocking and joists. Either way has worked well for me in the past. No worries.

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Help with sway in a tall and long deck. –

My deck specs are: 28′ long x 18′ wide. SYP frame. 6×6 Cedar Posts. 2×12 Joists 12 inches o.c. 16′ from house to first beam. beams are 2 2×12 on 3 notched 6×6 posts. 9′ to second beam. 3′ cantilever. Almost entirely all Strong-Tie hardware. The back posts are 11’3” in height. I am 100% certified for occupancy.

Our Recommendations for a "Minimum Code" and a "Code Plus

DECK BRACING AMI09.1 Deck bracing. Decks shall be braced to provide lat· eral stability. The following are acceptable means to provide lateral stability. AMI09.1.1. When the deck floor height is less than 4’·0″ above finished grade per Figure AMI09 and the deck is attached to the structure in accordance with Section

Diagonal Brace Tips – Ask the Builder

One way is to put diagonal braces that connect the deck beams to the vertical posts. These braces are typically cut at a 45-degree angle. It’s really important to bolt these instead of relying on nails. Deck Underbelly You can also install a flat 2×6 or 2×8 on the underside of the floor joists to give the decking great diagonal support.

Deck addition, how correctly brace free-standing deck?

4×6″ post or 6×6″ posts with horizontal braces 2′ off the ground. Attach with 1/2″ galvanized thru bolts. Do not notch posts. Top beam is 2×8″ min on each side of post with thru bolts. Do not notch posts. Ledger plate lag bolted to house ledger board or to house studs. This is the most crucial piece to keep it from falling down.

Deck Bracing |

Bracing between posts using X or K bracing can be also be used to make a deck more rigid. In this method you attach 2×4’s or 2×6’x from the top of one post to the bottom of the next and vice versa resembling the understructure of a wooden railroad bridge. This technique is rarely used because it is obstructive and unattractive.

New deck with sway – how to fix –

I haven’t added any bracing to the left portion of the deck yet but it has no sway considering it only has 6 ft joists on that end. Total deck width is 40 ft with 16 ft @ 12 ft spans and 24ft @ 6 ft spans. I didn’t think about adding blocking to the back side of the beam to make the diagonal bracing flush to the post.

Diagonal Bracing on a Back Deck – YouTube

Ever wondered why tall decks tend to sway? The answer that they are not braced properly. Check out this new deck’s extra-hefty bracing.

Deck Sway Bracing – DIY Home Improvement Forum

All decks using horizontal decking should have a diagonal sway brace to prevent racking. You may install a metal “T” brace which is a long metal strip diagonally across the top of the joists or install a diagonal deck board across the bottom of the deck frame. Decks using diagonal decking do not require sway bracing.

Metal Straps – Building Hardware – The Home Depot

H1 18-Gauge ZMAX Galvanized Hurricane Tie Simpson Strong-Tie hurricane ties are designed Simpson Strong-Tie hurricane ties are designed to resist high winds and seismic forces by positively connecting trusses/rafters to the top of wall of the structure. The H1 is designed for nominal 2x lumber. This U-shaped hurricane tie provides faster installation than using two single-sided ties.

SB-16 Sway Brace | Barefoot Decks – Denver Decks

SB-16 Sway Brace $7.00 Quantity Description: Eliminates sway in floor joist systems Easy Installation Rustproof Extends the life of woods, composites, fasteners and brackets Joists are 16″ on center Brochure Examples of X and V patterns Recent Posts Best Foundation for Decks Barefoot Decks – Covid-19

deck sway – DIY Home Improvement Forum

You can also install horizontal diagonal bracing to the bottom of the joists or vertical diagonals between the posts and the outside girder/beam. Nailed joints and 90% of the metal connectors do not provide connections that cannot rotate some – especially with a bunch of people moving around on the 13×16 deck.

Deck Solutions Sway Brace Contractor Pack Quantity 50 for

This item: Deck Solutions Sway Brace Contractor Pack Quantity 50 for Floor Joists That are 16″ on Center Only $215.00 Simpson Structural Screws SD9112R100 No.9 by 1-1/2-Inch Structural-Connector Screw, 100-Pack $15.25 ($0.15/Count) Simpson Strong-Tie SD9112R500 #9 x 1-1/2″ Structural Screw 500ct $56.65 ($0.11/Count)

Deck Blocking and Bridging: The Only Guide You'll Ever Need

Cross bracing deck joists is done using 2×2 material mitered at each end and fastened to form an X between joists. Cross bracing joists better distributes the top load from one joist to the bottom of adjacent joists under deflection than strapping or blocking, although blocking is almost as good.

A Few Ways to Brace off Free Standing Wood Framed Deck

This video will provide you with a few ways to brace off a free standing deck built with wood post and beams. Keep in mind that these are only examples of what might work, but they might not work

Will Your Second Story Deck Sway? (Plus 4 Tips to Add

If you do, immediately stop using the deck and call your builder. If this happens, there are solutions to reduce or eliminate the movement. How to Reduce or Eliminate Deck Sway Additional Bracing. Bracing is critical for the stability and safety of any tall deck.

How to Brace a Deck Post – Fine Homebuilding

At times the deck framing cannot be tied to the house at all, and in those scenarios cross-bracing is the best choice and may have to be permanent (Method 3). To temporarily brace a run of posts laterally, use stakes to secure the posts at the ground and then screw them to the posts halfway up.

Deck Center | Simpson Strong-Tie

Deck Safety Video Where Great Backyards Begin Whether you’re taking on a project for the love of the challenge, in need of a place to unwind, or creating spaces for family and friends — a strong, beautiful outdoor structure can make all the difference. Look through our ideas, tools and plans to find a project that sparks your interest.

Sway bracing help – Houzz

Sway bracing help. seven333. 10 years ago. I completed my deck last summer and noticed some sway when we have a lot of people on it. Some info on the deck:-Deck is 20×28 feet-2×12 ledger is attached to the rim board with lag bolts-6×6 posts (4 of them) are 18 feet away from the house, inset 2 feet from the ends of the deck

KBS Knee Brace Stabilizer | Simpson Strong-Tie

Product Details. The KBS1Z knee brace stabilizer makes a structural connection between knee bracing and columns or beams to help stabilize freestanding structures and comply with many prescriptive deck bracing requirements such as AWC’s DCA6 Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide. Factory-formed at a 45° angle and easily

Brackets & Sway Braces | Barefoot Decks – Denver Decks

SB-12 Sway Brace Contractor Pack Quantity 50. $250.00. SB-16 Sway Brace Contractor Pack Quantity 50. $250.00. R.R E.B.L. Deck Brackets One set (right and left) $7.29. SB-12 Sway Brace. We found John and Barefoot Decks after an online search for a company that could tear out our existing concrete patio and build a large single story deck. As

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How to Brace a Deck from Swaying

How to brace a deck from swaying The deck is attached to the house. A deck can be an elaborate structure but if you have the most common deck that is a raised square or rectangular structure attached to the house then your job is fairly simple.. This deck may sway because its total weight is not secured by the existing framework satisfactorily allowing movement of the platform sideways.

How to Support a Shaky, Swaying Deck | Home Guides | SF Gate

How to Support a Shaky, Swaying Deck. You can stabilize and support almost any wooden deck using plywood overlay at the joints. When decks age, the screws or nails securing the deck lose their grip.

Deck Sway Bracing Techniques | – Pinterest

– Installing a diagonal brace on your deck frame will prevent racking and swaying in the future. Read more about these preventative sway bracing measures at

Sway Braces | McMaster-Carr

These OSHPD approved anchors and brackets support threaded-rod-mount hangers during seismic activity. A complete seismic bracing system consists of an upper bracket, a lower bracket, and strut or pipe (sold separately). Brackets work with standard-wall (Schedule 40) pipe sizes 1-2 as well as 1 5/8 ” wide strut channel. Mount the upper bracket directly to a ceiling or other flat surface, or use

Deck wobble- Bracing? 4 mtres off the ground – Renovate Forum

This deck has sway due to insufficient bracing – potentially much more dangerous as it can cause catastrophic collapse. Anyone on it when that occurs is in big trouble – a women was killed in Qld recently when she and 27 others were on a 3-4m high deck that collapsed. It had poor fixing as well as insufficient bracing.

10 Common deck defects and how to solve them – Blog

9. Busted Bracing. A standard wooden deck brace. Most tall decks have diagonal bracing angling up from the support posts to the deck frame. The braces help stabilize the deck and deter it from swaying back and forth. Inspect each brace for large cracks or rot, especially at the ends. Replace all damaged braces.

Does Your Deck Feel Bouncy Or Sway When You Walk On It?

If your deck it seems to sway when you walk on you may need to add some diagonal braces to the framing under your deck. The obvious solution is to add bracing to the support beams this will work however in many applications this can look tacky. An invisible way to add bracing is to use two by fours and run them diagonally under your deck

How to Stabilize a Deck | Home Guides | SF Gate

If the deck is unstable in this direction, install diagonal bracing between each pair of posts at each line of posts. References North Carolina Department of Engineering: Wood Decks

STRUCTURE magazine | Lateral Loads Generated by Occupants

This article describes laboratory experiments on full-size decks with two types of occupant loadings: cyclic side-sway and impulse (run and jump stop). Results indicate that lateral loading from occupants will often exceed the worst-case loads from either wind or seismic. The key point being that occupant loading can occur on any deck, anywhere.

STRUCTURE magazine | Residential Wood Deck Design

Diagonal bracing can contribute to the stiffness of the deck and, therefore, cause additional lateral loads on the posts. Since center posts receive more vertical load than corner posts, additional lateral load can cause overstress. For this reason, DCA 6 does not show the use of diagonal bracing on center posts.

Deck construction – A blog about Deck repair and Deck

Sway bracing for Decks. Uncategorized. If you have an upper level deck chances are you have felt some sway as your deck ages. the bad part is as it moves it deteriorates key structural components which dramatically reduce your decks lifespan. By john Off.

Free Deck Inspection Guide – Use This to Check Your Deck

Deck Evaluation Guide Brandon 2021-01-29T15:16:32-05:00 As part of Deck Safety Month , NADRA freely provides deck professionals with a comprehensive deck evaluation guide. Use this guide as a checklist during annual deck inspection.

reduce sway in free standing stair system – Structural

reduce sway in free standing stair system. I have a few free standing stairs and platforms that seem to be swaying a little too much for the people using them. These stairs and platforms have been analyzed for loads specified in ASCE-7 and deflections limited to 1/4 inch. I recommended and designed cross bracing to limit the sway.

Deck Center | Simpson Strong-Tie

Deck collapse is a serious problem, but one that’s preventable. Simpson Strong-Tie teamed up with the Home Safety Council to educate families about the importance of deck safety and inspecting your deck once a year. Meri-K Appy, president of the Home Safety Council, walks you through the five warning signs of an unsafe deck and shows you what

Reducing sway on a tall deck – by gbarron1 @ LumberJocks

X bracing between posts will be adequate. Don’t use deck screws – they are too small for the shear loads. Use several 3/8″ lag bolts with washers to fasten the braces. If you have the ability to locate the X frames near the center of the structure (under the house), you may only need one X frame in each direction.

Lateral Bracing, Portals, and Sway Frames – Civil Engineering

Lateral Bracing, Portals, and Sway Frames. Lateral bracing should be designed to resist the following: (1) Lateral forces due to wind pressure on the exposed surface of the truss and on the vertical projection of the live load. (2) Seismic forces, (3) Lateral forces due to centrifugal forces when the track or roadway is curved.

Deck Framing Guide: Critical Connections – Building Advisor

However, with large decks, high decks, or in areas with high winds or seismic activity, tying the deck to the house laterally is certainly a good idea. Where deck joists run parallel to house joists, the IRC shows one way to provide lateral bracing. Use two hold-down braces per deck, each brace rated at 1500 lbs. minimum.

Easy Deck Inspection and Deck Repair Tips (DIY)

Still, in some cases, the deck movement puts extra stress on the fasteners and connectors. Over time, the joists can pull away from the rim joist or ledger board and twist out of their vertical position, which weakens them. Fastening angle bracing under the deck will stiffen it and take out the sway.

AFCON Seismic Braces

Hand tighten the set screw until it contacts the brace member. Continue to torque the set screw until the head breaks off. 5 Rotate the brace member until the brace angle is within the specified range. Notes: The cross bolt should be hand tight. For visual inspection, at least one thread should be exposed. Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Fig. AF076

adding knee bracing deck post – Canadian Woodworking and

adding knee bracing deck post. Previous home owner built a 14×12 deck that has a permit (3 years old, and already inspected) and I notice it sways a tiny bit for my liking. I have looked online and decided to add some knee braces, also add a diagonal brace on the bottom joists, and also some extra 2×6 bridging between the joists.

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Bracing systems –

Typical bracing systems. The figure below illustrates the general arrangement of a typical torsional bracing system for a multi-girder deck.The intermediate bracing can be triangulated as shown or a stiff beam with moment-resisting connections to the main girders. There are alternative bracing types for multi-girder decks, and these are discussed later.

Earthquake Design Solutions – Hilti USA

Bracing in longitudinal and transversal directions keeps systems in place and secure. In fact, Hilti X-HSN 24 frame fasteners designed for fastening steel deck to bar joists and X-ENP-19 frame fasteners for fastening decking to thicker structural beams are both qualified for design in seismic zones, with ICC-ES, FM, and UL approvals and

Why does cross bracing work? –

Diagonal bracing is a structural component of just about any building. It provides lateral stability, preventing the collapse of walls, decks, roofs and many other structural elements. Push on the end of the top plate in a motion parallel with the wall.

AFCON Seismic Braces

Sway Brace Swivel Attachment Fig. AF077 Method 1 – Connection to Brace Member First 1 Slide the brace member through the hoop end. A minimum of 0.50 in (12.7mm) should extend past the back of the hoop end. 2 Hand tighten the set screw until it contacts the brace member. Continue to torque the set screw until the head bottoms out on the hoop end.

Building a deck that won't collapse begins with solid

These professionals can develop an easy-to-understand plan that shows all the proper bracing that needs to be installed so the deck will not sway. The Internet is littered with videos of deck

Building a Freestanding Deck – JLC Online

Decks can move in three directions: vertically up or down; horizontally par – allel to the house wall; and laterally away from the house. Our goal is to provide support and bracing in all three direc-tions (see “Bracing Details,” page 44) . Vertical Support We support our decks on 6×6 columns, which rest on footings set 4 feet below

USP WBT 136-in x 1.375-in x 136-in Steel Flat Brace at

Bracing is a framing aid, not a substitute for structural shear wall components. Use with 16-in or 24-in studs; install in pairs forming an X or opposing V at each end of a maximum 25-ft long wall panel. OVERVIEW. Rolled edges and T-style design gives the WBT bracing strength and rigidity while eliminating sharp, sheared edges.

5 Tips On How To Build A Deck Frame – DecksDirect

A diagonal sway brace should be mounted to prevent racking on all decks featuring horizontal decking. A metal T-shaped brace installed diagonally across the top of the joists or a diagonal deck board installed across the bottom of the deck frame will minimize deck movement in high winds and will provide extra security and support for years to come.

Deck lateral supports – Structural Inspections

Typically, the deck boards provide enough stability for the sway and the knee bracing is not necessary. Unless the support post exceed the axial stability under load due to extreme heights. Hope this helps. Marcel 🙂

PDF TOLCO fire protection solutions

Sway Brace Attachment to Steel Page 56 Fig. 910 Threaded Swivel Sway Brace Attachment Page 63 Fig. 909 No-Thread Swivel Sway Brace Attachment Page 62 Fig. 907 Multi-Angle Attachment Page 64 Fig. 980 Universal Swivel Sway Brace Attachment Pages 60 & 61 Fig. 975 Straight Sway Brace Fitting Page 65 Fig. 906 Sway Brace Multi-Fastener Adapter Page 56

Deck Construction: Best Practices- Building Advisor | Deck

Deck Footings – Get concrete footing details for a typical deck footing. The footing detail contains information on size and form materials. Deck building may look simple, but building a safe and durable deck requires smart material choices, and careful attention to structural details. Learn how.

Sway Braces – Products | Piping Tech

Download Sway Braces General Information. SIZE RANGE: For pipe sizes 2 inches through 24 inches. SERVICE: Recommended for controlling vibration, absorbing shock loadings; guiding or restraining the movement of pipe resulting from thermal expansion; bracing a pipe line against sway. INSTALLATION: The vibration control and sway brace is shipped ready for installation.

2022 Cost of a Repairing a Deck – Estimates and Prices Paid

For example, the Family Handyman magazine provides instructions for replacing broken deck boards, strengthening wobbly posts, stiffening a bouncy deck, replacing loose or popped nails or getting rid of sway with an angle brace, estimating that these relatively easy repairs will take one to four hours each, and that most will cost less than $20

Mezzanines: Design Load / Bracing | Cogan

On their own, vertical loads can exert a tremendous amount of pressure on the mezzanine structure. Horizontal loads (i.e. seismic loads and climatic loads) are the external pressures applied at deck height that can force a mezzanine to move or sway back and forth. Braces are designed to transfer the horizontal loads to the base.

Bracket – Deck Parts & Accessories – The Home Depot

All Deck Parts & Accessories can be shipped to you at home. What are some of the most reviewed products in Deck Parts & Accessories? Some of the most reviewed products in Deck Parts & Accessories are the Multy 1.6 in. x 15 in. x 22.5 in. Rubber SmartPath Base for 2×4 Lumber (1-Each) with 5 reviews and the 4.25 in. x 5 in. White Plastic Deck

Newly installed deck knee braces don't look right

When wind or walking people push sideways on the deck, this brace connection is under lots of tension. Those little screws have only a tiny triangle of wood at the end of the brace, and that bolt only has a tiny triangle of wood at the bottom of the joist. There should either be a notch or appropriate offsets and blocking to connect the brace

Vibration Control & Sway Braces | Rilco Manufacturing

Sway Brace Features . Vibration is opposed with an instantaneous counter force bringing the pipe back to normal position; A single pre-loaded spring provides two-way action

How do you reinforce a deck?

The average cost for deck repair is $100 to $500 for simple repairs with most homeowners spending around $500 – $2,500 for extensive deck repairs. The price can vary greatly by region (and even by zip code). How do I keep my deck from swaying? All decks using horizontal decking should have a diagonal sway brace to prevent racking.

Pace Supply | Sway Brace Multi-Fastener Adapter, 9/16 in

Sway Brace Multi-Fastener Adapter, 9/16 in Hole, Steel, Plain BLN906 MFG #: FIG 906 PLN B-Line FIG 906 PLN Tolco™ Sway Brace Multi-Fastener Adapter, Series: FIG 906, 2015 lb Load, Steel, Plain, 12 in L x 2 in W x 2 in D Dimensions, Domestic/Import

PDF Wood Truss Bracing Rules Updated–Owners now Involved

restraint/bracing and the permanent individual truss member restraint/bracing for all trusses with clear spans 60 feet (18 288 mm) or greater.” This section requires the Owner to “contract with any qualified registered design professional” for the design of the temporary and permanent truss bracing.

Used Resourses: